Army Medical Advancements

The Cow Pock by James Gillray, 1802. Image courtesy of Library of Congress.

The image above is an engraving by James Gillray in 1802. It depicts fear of the mass inoculation to fend off the smallpox virus. It also shows bizarre transformations of people who got the inoculation. Fear of doctors in addition to illness was very common in a time when knowledge of disease and sickness was poor. 


Dr. Walter Reed, Image courtesy of U.S. Dept. of Defense.
Drawing of Aedes aegypti/mosquito, Image courtesy of the National Library.
Field Laboratory Car, Image courtesy of the Army Medical Dept.

A field laboratory car, depicted above, was compact and provided a work bench and compartments for supplies and laboratory equipment. The interior was designed to allow for work while preventing breakage while the car was in motion. 


EpiPen, Image courtesy of Mark Zaleski/AP.

An EpiPen is a long, plastic tube used to inject a dose of epinephrine or adrenalin into the thigh to stop an allergic reaction. 

Self Injecting AtroPen kit, Image courtesy of Greg Mathieson/Getty Images.

The image above depicts the precursor to the EpiPen. It is a self-injecting AtroPen that American troops carried in the field. 

CAT Tourniquet, Image courtesy of U.S. Army.
CAT Generation 6 and 7, Image courtesy of U.S. Army.

Exsanguination (i.e. bleeding to death) is the most common cause of potentially survivable death for wounded warfighters. Every soldier carries a CAT on the battlefield to provide lifesaving care to themselves or a fellow soldier.